How to get a business loan?
You can choose to apply for a business loan through the traditional channel of visiting a bank branch or through a DSA. However, if you are looking for quick business loans without collateral, you can simply apply online at LoanATM. You can compare loan interest rates online and also use online Eligibility Calculator to get a rough estimate of your business loan eligibility. Once you fill your basic personal, business and income details, you will get a list of best bank business loan offers. Once we receive your details and also the bank offers you are interested in, we will work closely with our partner banks to ensure that you get best business loans at cheapest rates. LoanATM representatives will coordinate with you and partner banks throughout the loan process to ensure that you get quick and easy approval with minimal paperwork.
Types of Business Loans
Secured Loans for Businesses
These loans are those which are taken against some type of personal guarantee or any valuable asset as collateral. Inventory loans, equipment loans, term loans and loan against property are secured business loans.
Unsecured Loans For Businesses
In many situations, businessmen and self employed prefer to take unsecured business finance with no collateral requirement because of the following reasons:
Short turnaround time of 5 -15 days as compared to secured loans
No collateral or security required to get this loan
Reduces your dependence on friends, relatives or money lenders for borrowing for urgent or seasonal business expenses
This page contains detailed information about business loan without collateral. To know about secured business loan, you can visit our loan against property page
Factors that determine eligibility for Business loan are
Eligible Age – Banks consider borrowers with age of 21 years to 65 years
Loan Amount – Loan amount of ₹ 50,000 to ₹ 100 Cr can be availed on business loan. Higher the loan amount, higher the chances to get low interest rate.
Loan Tenure – Business loans are unsecured loans and are given for a shorter period. Generally, these loans are given for a tenure of 1 year to 5 years.
Income Tax Returns (ITR) – A self employed can get a business loan, only when it has filed regular ITRs for the past few years. Banks consider borrowers who have filed ITRs of 2 years or more as eligible to get a business loan. Banks evaluate your monthly income and repayment capacity based on details submitted in the ITRs.
Revenue / Turnover – Revenue is the income that a business enterprise has earned from the sale of goods and services to customers. It is also termed as sales or turnover. In case of doctors, this sales or revenues is measured in terms of Gross Annual Receipts. Most banks and NBFCs ask for a minimum annual turnover of ₹ 1 Cr to be eligible for business loans without collateral. However, there are a few NBFCs and banks which lend to businesses or self employed with turnover of less than Rs. 10 lakh as well.
Business Vintage and Growth – Business vintage and growth is an important factor consider by banks and NBFCs to take a decision to give you loan. It gives the bank or NBFC an assurance that your business is authentic, stable and can generate profits to repay their loans. Banks typically look for a business stability or profitability of minimum 3 years for self employed professionals. In case of other businessmen, banks and finance companies require a minimum business continuity or existence of 5 years Banks and NBFCs also specify the minimum growth rate of 10-15% in sales or turnover for the last 3 years to be eligible for a business loan. Further, your business or enterprise should be profitable in the last 3 years.
Banking Stability – Banks and NBFCs a check bank statements of minimum 6 months of your operational banking accounts to approve your loan. Banks will evaluate your banking stability and repayment capacity based on your average account balance. Banks will also consider your outbound and inbound cheque bounce information to take a view on your credit track record.
How to get a high business loan eligibility?
If you are self employed, then there could be a possibility that your reported income is lesser than your real income. Many banks and NBFC have specific programs which offer you a higher eligibility based on an estimate of your real income and not entirely on the basis of your reported income. If you visit a traditional bank for this loan, chances are that you will be eligible for a lower loan amount. There are few banks and NBFCs which offer surrogate products to calculate your correct eligibility and offer you highest loan amount based on your estimated income. Some of these popular loan products are:
Banks consider banking surrogate program to define your eligibility. This helps in assessing your net income. Banks track your 1 year banking behavior to estimate your average bank balance. Your net income is the multiplier of your average monthly balance and if you well maintain your bank balance then it won’t come your way to get your loan sanctioned.
ITR program also helps to calculate eligibility in case you do not have audited financial statements of your company. Banks are strict to the fact that they need income tax report of past 3 years. ITR of 3 years is important to estimate your income, profit and losses of your business and other deductions. It also shows your tax refund or tax liability.
Some banks offer turnover program in which your loan amount eligibility is based on the turnover of your company. Turnover eligibility can be different for different industry segments. Some banks consider minimum annual turnover of Rs. 25 lakh for manufacturers and Rs. 50 lakh for traders. However, there are few banks and NBFCs which give small business loan for low turnovers and loan amount. Industry margin is pre-decided by lenders for specific industry segment in which customer falls. Industry margin is used as a multiplier to the turnover of your company that helps in determining your income. Your income eligibility is calculated as : Industry Margin * Turnover – Obligations. Your eligibility will be higher if your turnover is high. However, banks consider bank statement and VAT returns of 6 months to know your real income which is higher than what you have mentioned in books.
Documents required for Business Loan
- Signed Application Form
- Identity Proof (PAN)
- Residential Address Proof
- Last 3 years ITR (self and business), profit and loss account, balance sheets certified/audited by a CA.
- Last 12 months bank account statement (self and business)
- Certificate and Proof of Business Existence
- Business Profile
- Office address – ownership/ lease / rent agreement/ utility bill